How to Become an Electrician: A Comprehensive Guide to Starting Your Electrical Career

how to become an electrician

Searching for a career that offers both personal fulfillment and strong financial rewards can feel like a tall order. You’ve probably heard the advice to “learn a trade” – and for good reason. As our reliance on electrical systems grows and more electricians retire than enter the field, the demand for skilled tradespeople, particularly in the electrical trade, has never been higher.

Opting for a career as an electrician is especially appealing for several reasons: it’s a technical and engaging profession where no two days are the same, offering a sense of accomplishment and variety that’s hard to find elsewhere. Plus, you don’t need a four-year degree or prior technical knowledge to get started, and the opportunities for career growth and earning potential are virtually limitless.

But here’s the big question: How do you actually become an electrician? This article is all about shedding light on that. We’re going to walk you through what electricians do, the different routes you can take to get into the field, and get you prepped to start your journey in this dynamic profession.

Who’s This Guide For?

This one’s for anyone thinking about jumping into the world of electricians. Maybe you’re fresh out of school, looking at your career options, or you’re in another job and thinking about making a switch. Or perhaps you’re a veteran eyeing the civilian job market. Guess what? You don’t need to have your life figured out or know the ins and outs of electrical circuits to get started. Many folks start with zero knowledge about the trade and do just fine.

The goal here is simple: to break down the steps to becoming an electrician in plain English, no matter where you’re starting from. We’ll cover the basics, the not-so-basics, and everything in between to give you a full picture of what it takes to enter this field and thrive. Ready to plug into the world of electricians? Let’s get into it and start laying out the path to your new career.

Understanding The Electrician Role

become an electrician

Before diving into how to become an electrician, it’s important to understand what an electrician does. Electricians are crucial in today’s world, where electricity powers almost every aspect of our daily lives. Tracing back to the late 1800s, when electric power began transforming our world, electricians emerged as the unsung heroes of this revolution.

Initially, their work was groundbreaking yet simple, involving tasks like making electric-powered lamps work and installing power lines. However, as we moved forward, the electrical trade underwent significant evolution, branching out into specialized areas and growing in complexity and diversity.

Electricians, or “inside wiremen” as they’re sometimes known, play a crucial role in this ecosystem. They take over where linemen, who lay down the power lines from power plants to our doorstep, leave off. Their main task? To bring power into buildings and ensure it reaches every corner – from outlets and lights to sophisticated security systems and HVAC units. It’s a job that demands both technical knowledge and practical skills, as electricians set up systems to distribute electricity wherever it’s needed.

A Day in the Life of an Electrician

Wondering what electricians do on a day-to-day basis? Well, it’s a mix of routine tasks and unique challenges, ensuring no two days are exactly the same. Common tasks might include wiring and installing outlets, setting up lighting fixtures, or upgrading residential electrical panels. But that’s just the tip of the iceberg. Electricians might also find themselves laying down solar panels on a rooftop, digging trenches for underground conduits, or working on industrial facilities’ start-stop relays. The number of tasks they perform is virtually unlimited.

Electricians are the early birds of the construction world, often starting their day between 6:00 and 8:00 AM to beat the heat or meet project deadlines. While a typical workday lasts around eight hours, flexibility is a hallmark of the trade, with the opportunity for overtime or, conversely, calling it a day after the standard hours. It’s a dynamic, engaging career that can be physically demanding, from digging trenches to crawling through attics. Yet, it’s equally rewarding, offering a sense of accomplishment as you power up a building or bring light to a dark space.

This career is not just about the physical work; it’s about problem-solving, continuous learning, and adapting to new technologies. Electricians play a vital role in powering our world, ensuring safety and efficiency in electrical installations and maintenance. Whether working on a construction site or in a residential setting, electricians are indispensable in keeping our lights on, our homes warm, and our technology running.

Exploring the Different Types of Electricians

When you set out to become an electrician, it’s crucial to understand the landscape of the profession, including the different types of electricians and the specific roles they play within the industry. States typically categorize electrician licenses into two main types: general/commercial and residential, each tailored to distinct working environments and skill sets.

General/Commercial Electricians are often the most visible in the field, handling a wide range of projects from constructing new commercial buildings to renovating existing spaces. This category includes work in various settings like retail spaces, office buildings, schools, and large housing projects. These electricians have usually accumulated four to five years of experience and work under an electrical contractor.

Industrial Electricians, a subset of general electricians, specialize in settings like factories and manufacturing plants. Their work often involves more technical tasks, such as powering machinery and systems programming, requiring a deep understanding of industrial electrical systems.

Maintenance Electricians stand out for their role in maintaining and repairing electrical systems within businesses, such as manufacturing facilities and large corporate buildings. Unlike their counterparts, maintenance electricians are typically employed directly by businesses to ensure their electrical systems run smoothly and efficiently.

Residential Electricians focus on electrical systems within homes, condominiums, and apartment complexes. With the advent of green energy solutions, this category has seen the emergence of solar electricians, who specialize in installing solar panels in various settings, depending on their license type.

The Journey: Apprentice to Master Electrician

Embarking on a career to become an electrician involves progressing through several stages, each with its own set of requirements, responsibilities, and rewards. The journey begins as an Apprentice Electrician, where newcomers learn the trade under the supervision of more experienced electricians. Apprenticeships combine hands-on work with educational courses, providing a comprehensive learning experience.

After gaining the necessary experience and knowledge, electricians can advance to become Journeymen. Journeymen electricians hold state or local licenses and can work independently under a contractor. They often take on leadership roles on job sites, such as foreman or superintendent, showcasing their expertise and guiding less experienced electricians.

The pinnacle of an electrician’s career is becoming a Master Electrician. Master electricians have not only completed the journeyman phase but have also decided to obtain a contractor’s license, allowing them to start their own electrical contracting businesses. This status represents the highest level of expertise in the field and opens up opportunities for entrepreneurship within the electrical industry.

Understanding these classifications and the path from apprentice to master electrician is essential for anyone looking to navigate the electrical trade successfully. It’s a structured journey that requires dedication, continuous learning, and a commitment to safety and excellence.

Electrician Salary and Career Advancement

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Before you embark on the journey to become an electrician, it’s essential to have a clear understanding of the financial rewards that await. For those eyeing a future in the electrical trade, a pressing question is: “How much do electricians make?”

Let’s delve into the earnings landscape for electricians, from the initial steps as an apprentice to the seasoned heights of a journeyman, and uncover how career progression can lead to significant salary increases.

How Much Do Electricians Make?

The salary for electricians varies widely, influenced by factors such as geographical location, experience level, and union affiliation. Union electricians, whose wages are negotiated collectively, typically enjoy higher earnings and more substantial benefits compared to non-union electricians. In fact, it’s noted that non-union electricians may earn up to 30% less than their unionized peers. For those curious about the specifics of union electrician wages, resources like provide detailed insights.

Journeyman Electricians: In regions like the west coast, journeyman electricians can expect to make between $50 to $80 an hour, whereas in the south, the pay range might be around $30 to $40 an hour. This disparity highlights the importance of location in determining an electrician’s pay.

Apprentice Electricians: As you begin to become an electrician, starting as an apprentice, you’ll earn about 40 to 45% of what a journeyman makes, with salary increases scheduled every six months to a year until reaching journeyman status. For example, starting pay for an apprentice might be $22.50 an hour if a journeyman earns $50 an hour, with incremental raises as they progress in their training and experience.

how do you become an electrician

Electrician Career Advancement

Achieving your journeyman’s electrical license is just the beginning of the career advancement opportunities available in the electrical trade. While some electricians choose to remain at the journeyman level, enjoying a steady and satisfying income, others pursue further advancement, which can significantly increase their earnings potential.

  • Electrical Foreman / Leadman: Stepping into a supervisory role, you oversee journeymen and apprentices, ensuring projects run smoothly and efficiently.
  • General Foreman: This position involves broader responsibilities, including labor supervision, project planning, and collaboration with contractors and safety managers.
  • Field Superintendent: Advancing from General Foreman, you might take charge of multiple construction projects, overseeing manpower scheduling and acting as the bridge between the office and the field.
  • Estimator: Those with a strong aptitude for math may transition into estimating, a critical role that involves analyzing blueprints and preparing cost proposals for bidding on projects.
  • Owner: For electricians with entrepreneurial ambitions, starting your own electrical contracting business could be the path to unlimited earning potential, depending on the success and growth of your enterprise.

As you navigate the path to become an electrician and consider your career advancement, remember that each step forward not only promises higher earnings but also opens up opportunities for more engaging and challenging work. Whether at the outset of your journey or aiming to climb higher, the electrical trade offers a robust and lucrative career path.

How to Become an Electrician

how can i become an electrician

Embarking on the journey to become an electrician opens up a world of exciting opportunities and challenges. It’s a path that requires dedication, a willingness to learn, and a choice between two primary routes of education and training: apprenticeships and trade schools. Each path has its own set of advantages, catering to different preferences and situations.

Apprenticeships vs. Trade Schools: Which Path Suits You?


An apprenticeship is a hands-on program that combines working alongside experienced electricians with classroom learning. Apprentices work full-time, typically 40 hours a week, and attend classes in the evenings or in concentrated blocks of time throughout the year. The cost of entering an apprenticeship is relatively low, mainly covering textbooks, with participants earning a wage from the start. This wage increases regularly, reflecting the apprentice’s growing skills and knowledge.

Apprenticeships can be competitive, often requiring candidates to pass an aptitude test and interview before a hiring board. Despite the competition, many find success in entering these programs, sometimes on their first or second attempt. For those looking to boost their chances, pre-apprenticeship opportunities provide invaluable experience and a stronger application.

Trade Schools

Trade schools focus on classroom-based education, covering electrical theory and the practical skills needed to pass state licensing exams. While some trade school programs include hands-on training, they primarily prepare students through theoretical learning. Unlike apprenticeships, trade school students do not earn wages during their studies and must pay tuition fees. These fees vary widely, from affordable community college courses to expensive private trade school programs.

Given the financial commitment of trade schools and the lack of paid work experience during the program, aspiring electricians are often advised to apply for apprenticeships first. However, trade schools can be a viable option when apprenticeship opportunities are scarce, or specific circumstances necessitate a more classroom-focused learning environment.

Choosing Your Path:

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Deciding whether to pursue an apprenticeship or attend trade school depends on several factors, including availability, personal financial situation, and learning preferences. Apprenticeships offer the benefit of earning while learning and gaining direct industry experience, making them a preferred choice for many. However, trade schools can be an alternative route, especially in areas with limited apprenticeship openings or for individuals seeking a more academic approach to entering the trade.

For those considering trade school, it’s crucial to select a program that meets state licensing requirements and offers a balance between cost and quality education. Community colleges often provide affordable and reputable programs, while private institutions may offer flexibility, such as online classes. Regardless of the chosen path, gaining hands-on experience as early as possible is essential, enhancing your skills and improving your prospects within the electrical trade.

Embarking on a career as an electrician, whether through an apprenticeship or trade school, is a significant step towards a rewarding and secure profession. Each path offers unique advantages, and the best choice depends on individual circumstances, goals, and preferences in how to become an electrician.

Best Apprenticeship Programs for Aspiring Electricians

Choosing the right apprenticeship is a pivotal step in your journey to become an electrician. In the United States, there are three leading apprenticeship programs, each offering unique benefits and opportunities. Here’s a breakdown of what they offer:

Electrical Training Alliance (ETA):

how do i become electrician


  • Locations: Over 250 training centers across the US and Canada, serving all 50 states.
  • Union Affiliation: Yes, partnered with the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers (IBEW).
  • Benefits: Comprehensive package including full medical, a minimum of three pensions, and varying vacation pay.
  • Program Length: 4-5 years, blending on-the-job training with classroom instruction.

Associated Builders and Contractors (ABC):

how can you become an electrician


  • Locations: 96 training centers, available in most US states.
  • Union Affiliation: No, this program is independent of union affiliation.
  • Benefits: Offers full medical, retirement, and vacation benefits.
  • Program Length: Typically 4 years, focusing on hands-on experience.

Electrical Training Alliance (ETA):

how long does it take to become an electrician


  • Locations: 52 training centers, primarily located in the US.
  • Union Affiliation: No, IEC programs are non-unionized.
  • Benefits: Includes full medical, retirement, and vacation benefits.
  • Program Length: A 4-year program, combining work experience with classroom learning.

Choosing the right apprenticeship program is a significant step on the road to becoming an electrician. It involves considering not only the specific benefits and competitive edge of each program but also their proximity to you. The Electrical Training Alliance (ETA), known for its high wages and robust benefits, is typically the top choice and what we always recommend people start with. However, their apprenticeship is often competitive and more difficult to get into because of this.

For a in depth guide on joining the IBEW, check out our comprehensive guide. Keep in mind, if the ETA isn’t in the cards right now, joining the IBEW union as a journeyman electrician remains a viable option later down the line.

For those finding the ETA program highly competitive or not available nearby, the Associated Builders and Contractors (ABC) and Independent Electrical Contractors (IEC) programs are valuable alternatives. They provide quality training that can set you on a solid path to becoming an electrician.

It’s essential to factor in what’s accessible to you, as proximity can play a crucial role in your apprenticeship experience. To assist with this, consider using our handy apprenticeship locator widget. Simply enter your zip code, and you’ll be able to find detailed information about apprenticeship programs available in your area. Placing the widget right after this paragraph would be an effective way to engage readers who are ready to take action.

      Applying to Apprenticeship Programs: A Step-by-Step Guide

      become and electrician

      Embarking on an apprenticeship is a significant leap toward your goal to become an electrician. The application process may seem daunting, but with a clear, step-by-step guide, you can navigate it with confidence. Here’s how to get started:

      Step 1: Select the Right Apprenticeship Program

      The first step is to pinpoint the apprenticeship program that aligns with your career aspirations. Nationally recognized programs like the IBEW/ETA, ABC, and IEC offer a broad spectrum of opportunities across the country. Don’t forget to explore local apprenticeship programs, which can be particularly beneficial if they’re in your vicinity. Ensure these local options provide solid benefits and are legitimate apprenticeships, not trade schools in disguise. For veterans and active duty military personnel, there are additional resources to aid in your transition into the trades—be sure to check them out.

      Step 2: Navigate the Application Process

      While there’s no one-stop-shop website where you can apply to all major apprenticeship programs, starting your search online is still your best bet. Visit the websites of the programs you’re interested in to understand their application process. If the details aren’t clear or the application isn’t available online, don’t hesitate to pick up the phone and call them directly. Timing is key; make sure to mark your calendar with the application periods to submit your application within the designated timeframe.

      Step 3: Get Your Documentation Ready

      Gather all the necessary documents well in advance to avoid any last-minute rushes that could stall your application. You’ll generally need:

      • Your GED or high school diploma.
      • Official transcripts, including proof of completed Algebra I class or equivalent.
      • A valid driver’s license and reliable transportation.
      • Proof of citizenship or legal work status, like a birth certificate or passport.

      If you find you’re missing a math requirement, reach out to the apprenticeship program for guidance—they often offer bridging courses or can suggest alternative pathways. And don’t drag your feet on requesting transcripts; some educational institutions may take several weeks to fulfill such requests, and you wouldn’t want this to bottleneck your journey to become an electrician.

      Step 4: Polish Your Resume and Submit Your Application

      Now, it’s time to make sure your resume shines. Update it to showcase any relevant experience, special achievements, or certifications. If you’ve worked on any electrical projects, even informally, make sure these are highlighted. Your resume should reflect a professional image that aligns with the skills and dedication required to become an electrician.

      Before you send off your application, double-check every detail. A single oversight or missing document could put your application at risk. Ensure every section is filled out accurately and that all required attachments are included. Remember, attention to detail is a key trait for any electrician.

      Step 5: Prepare for the Aptitude Test

      Aptitude tests are a crucial part of the apprenticeship application process, often influencing your chances of acceptance. These tests generally assess your math and reading comprehension skills, which are essential for any electrician’s toolkit.

      To give you a heads-up on what to expect, here’s a brief overview:

      • Electrical Training Alliance: The IBEW Aptitude Test consists of 69 questions covering algebra and reading comprehension, to be completed in 96 minutes.
      • Associated Builders and Contractors: The TABE Test used by ABC includes 195 questions across reading, language, math computation, and applied math.
      • Independent Electrical Contractors: They conduct an in-house basic math test, with details varying by location.

      To help you excel on these tests, consider utilizing practice exams and online courses. For instance, there are free practice tests available that simulate the ETA Aptitude Test environment, timing, and question format. Engaging with these practice tests can significantly boost your confidence and performance.

      Step 6: Schedule Your Interview

      how to become an electrician apprentice

      After your aptitude test is in the books, the next step is your interview. Often conducted by a panel, this stage can seem daunting, but it’s your chance to shine. To ensure you’re ready, here are a few tips:

      After your aptitude test is in the books, the next step is your interview. Often conducted by a panel, this stage can seem daunting, but it’s your chance to shine. To ensure you’re ready, here are a few tips:

      • Dress in professional attire to make a strong first impression.
      • Bring a polished and updated copy of your resume.
      • Practice responding to common interview questions to build confidence.

      Remember, the interview is as much about demonstrating your potential as a reliable and knowledgeable apprentice as it is about your current skills. It’s an integral part of the process on how to become an electrician, so take it seriously and prepare thoroughly.

      Getting ready for the IBEW interview? Check out our comprehensive interview prep course!

      Step 7: Consider Alternatives to Apprenticeships

      While apprenticeships are a fantastic route, they’re not the only way to become an electrician. In some states, alternative pathways are available for those who, for one reason or another, might not be able to enter an apprenticeship program. Perhaps you’re in a location with limited opportunities, or you’ve applied and haven’t been accepted—don’t let this deter you from your goal to become an electrician.

      First, verify the licensing requirements in your state. Some might mandate a certain amount of schooling, in which case, identifying a reputable trade school is your next move. Once you’re on track with your educational requirements, begin the job hunt. Electrical contractors often need new help and are open to hiring. Be proactive: reach out to local contractors, inquire about openings, or visit them to express your interest in person.

      If direct outreach isn’t yielding results, broaden your search. Utilize job websites, tap into your personal network, and ask around if anyone knows electricians or contractors looking for help. Persistence is key; getting your first job may be challenging due to lack of experience, but it becomes easier after that initial break.

      Once you’ve secured a position and fulfilled any required hours and schooling, you’ll be set to take your state’s licensing exam. Devote ample time to study and prepare—passing this exam is a critical milestone on your journey to becoming an electrician.

      Veteran Resources for Aspiring Electricians

      how to become an electrician

      For those who have served and are now looking to transition into a civilian career, resources tailored to veterans can offer significant support in your quest to become an electrician. Here, we’ll outline some key programs designed to help veterans seamlessly integrate into the electrical trade.

      Tapping into the GI Bill for Apprenticeships

      As a veteran, your GI Bill benefits can be a substantial asset when enrolling in an approved electrical apprenticeship program. These benefits can supplement your income during training, starting with 100% of the applicable housing allowance in the first six months, then gradually reducing until it stabilizes at 20%. To get a better handle on what you might receive, use the GI Bill Comparison Tool online to calculate specific benefits based on your situation.

      Veteran’s Electrical Entry Program (VEEP)

      how to be an electrician

      The VEEP, initiated by the Electrical Training Alliance (ETA), tackles the skilled labor shortage while facilitating veterans’ entry into the electrical field. It acts as a bridge to success, offering both in-person and online courses covering fundamental electrical concepts and math.

      Completion of the program paves the way for automatic entry into the IBEW apprenticeship, complete with a set of starter tools to gear you up for your new career. VEEP also assists with placement, striving to keep you close to your home base. For more information and to see how this program can assist in your journey on how to become an electrician, explore the IN2VEEP link.

      Helmets to Hardhats: Your Career Transition Ally

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      Helmets to Hardhats (H2H) plays a pivotal role in connecting veterans with the trades, including the electrical sector. This non-profit organization offers an online platform that provides comprehensive support—from choosing a trade that suits your skills to navigating the application process and securing an apprenticeship. While it doesn’t guarantee a spot in the IBEW program, H2H’s partnership with the Electrical Training Alliance can significantly bolster your chances of acceptance.

      Each of these programs is designed with veterans in mind, recognizing the unique skills and experiences you bring to the table. They can be instrumental in helping you transition from military service to a fulfilling career as an electrician. For veterans who aspire to join the electrical trade, leveraging these resources can make the journey smoother and more accessible.

      Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

      Do I need any prior experience to become an electrician?

      No prior experience is necessary to start your journey to become an electrician. Apprenticeship programs are specifically designed to equip you with all the knowledge and skills you need from scratch. The basic requirements for most individuals looking to enter the field include having a high school diploma or GED, successful completion of Algebra I or an equivalent, and a valid driver’s license with reliable transportation. These foundational needs ensure you’re ready to tackle the apprenticeship and lay the groundwork for a successful career in electrical work.

      Am I too young or old to start a career as an electrician?

      Age truly is just a number in the electrical trade. Many electricians begin their apprenticeship as a second career in their late 20s or 30s, while others start right out of high school or even later in life. The industry is welcoming to aspiring electricians of all ages, with many apprenticeship programs offering college credits and even associate degrees upon completion. This inclusivity underscores the accessibility and opportunity the field offers to those motivated to pursue a career as an electrician, regardless of age.

      What are the prerequisites for enrolling in an electrician apprenticeship program?

      To enroll in an electrician apprenticeship program, you generally need to have completed high school or have a GED. A good understanding of basic algebra is also a prerequisite, as well as having a valid driver’s license and dependable transportation. These requirements help prepare you for the educational components and the practical demands of an apprenticeship in the electrical trade.

      Do I receive college credits for completing an apprenticeship program?

      Yes, most electrician apprenticeship programs are partnered with local community colleges, allowing you to earn college credits. Some may even award you an associate degree upon graduation, providing both practical trade skills and valuable academic credentials that can benefit your career advancement.

      How long does it take to become a licensed electrician?

      Becoming a licensed electrician typically requires 4 to 5 years of on-the-job training through an apprenticeship program, which is standard in most states. This period is crucial for gaining the extensive hands-on experience needed to meet state licensing requirements.

      Are layoffs common in the construction industry?

      While it’s true that the construction industry can be cyclical, leading to periods of layoffs as projects wrap up, the demand for electricians remains consistently strong. The skills of a qualified electrician are in high demand, so while one project may end, another is likely just around the corner, often making it easier for skilled tradespeople to find new opportunities.

      Can a woman be an electrician?

      Certainly! Women are increasingly joining the ranks of electricians, bringing diversity and fresh perspectives to the field. Although currently women make up a smaller percentage of the construction workforce, the industry is keen on increasing this number. Many companies are actively seeking to diversify their teams, and some of the most skilled electricians in the industry are women. If you’re a woman aspiring to become an electrician, know that there’s a place for you in this dynamic and evolving field.

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